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What is Elder Abuse, Neglect, and Exploitation

What Does Elder Abuse Look Like

What is Financial Exploitation?

In Minnesota, Financial exploitation is defined in Minn. Stat. 626.5572 Subd. 9 as the improper use of a vulnerable adults funds, property, or assets

Fraud is the use of deception, trickery, false pretense, or dishonest acts or statement for financial gain

Telemarketing scams designed to take advantage of elderly persons, including internet phishing (i.e., false email messages asking for bank account information)

Confidence crimes are the use of deception to gain victims’ confidence

Promising lifelong care in exchange for money or property and not following through on the promise

Medicare Fraud, including, being charged for services never received, being offered a plan not approved by Medicare, being led to join plan based on false information, and someone using the vulnerable adults Medicare card to receive medical care.

Predatory lending, where vulnerable adults are pressured into taking out inappropriate reverse mortgages or other loans

What is Neglect?

Neglect is the failure of the caregiver or facility to provide the care a vulnerable adult needs.

There are several types of neglect. Neglect can be passive or active and can result from poor care given from the caregiver or self-neglect by the individual.

Active neglect refers to behavior that is willful, which occurs when a caregiver intentionally withholds care or necessities.

Passive neglect refers to situations where the caregiver is unable to fulfill their role of providing for the needs of the vulnerable adult. This may arise due to the caregiver not being trained properly, being fatigued and/or overworked, ignorance, stress, lack of maturity, illness, their own disability, or lack of resources.

Self-neglect refers to circumstances in which there is no perpetrator and neglect is the result of the vulnerable adult refusing care; not aware that a higher level of care is necessary; or is without the resources, energy, or assistance to obtain a higher level of care.

What is Physical Abuse?

Physical abuse is physical force or violence that results in bodily injury, pain, or impairment. It includes assault, battery, and inappropriate restraint.

Physical elder abuse is non-accidental use of force against an elderly person that results in physical pain, injury or impairment. Such abuse includes not only physical assaults such as hitting or shoving but the inappropriate use of drugs, restraints, or confinement.

What is Sexual Abuse?

Sexual abuse is any form of non-consensual physical contact. It includes rape, molestation, or any sexual conduct with a person who lacks the mental capacity to exercise consent.

Sexual vulnerable adult abuse is contact with a vulnerable adult without their consent. Such contact can involve physical sex acts but activities such as showing an vulnerable adult pornographic material, forcing the person to watch sex acts, or forcing the adult to undress are also considered sexual abuse.

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